Archive for the ‘Conservation’ Category

Action Alert: Pheasants Forever Urges Support of Sportsmen’s Act of 2014

Tuesday, July 8th, 2014

Sept. 089

Yesterday, the U.S. Senate overwhelmingly advanced the bipartisan Sportsmen’s Act of 2014 (S. 2363), moving the legislation one step closer to passage. The Sportsmen’s Act, which boasts the support of many national conservation and sportsmen organizations – including Pheasants Forever and Quail Forever – representing millions of outdoorsmen and women, contains a host of provisions that stand to benefit hunters, anglers and other outdoor recreationists.

The Sportsmen’s Act will enact a variety of measures to facilitate the use of and access to federal public lands and waters for hunting, fishing, and shooting. Provisions in the bill will also help increase revenue for wildlife conservation, hunter education and shooting programs.

We urge Pheasants Forever and Quail Forever members to contact their Senators and ask them to support the Bipartisan Sportsmen’s Act of 2014 (the House has passed a similar piece of legislation). Ask your Senator to:

  • Recognize conservation, wildlife and sportsmen and women by supporting the Sportsmen’s Act of 2014 (S. 2363)
  • Oppose amendments not related to Sportsmen’s Act legislation

Contact your U.S. Senator

We need your help in this final push for the Sportsmen’s Act of 2014. Thanks for your time and consideration, and for supporting Pheasants Forever and wildlife habitat conservation.

The D.C. Minute is written by Dave Nomsen, Pheasants Forever and Quail Forever’s Vice President of Government Relations.

Pheasants Forever Farm Bill Biologists Ready to Help Landowners Enroll in CRP

Monday, June 9th, 2014

CCRP

Last week, Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced that today, Monday, June 9th, the federal Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) would re-open to landowners. CRP had been closed since October 2013. The new Farm Bill signed in February set the stage for the continuation of the program and today’s re-opening.

From the USDA’s Press Release:

CRP consists of a “continuous” and “general” sign-up period. Continuous sign up for the voluntary program starts June 9. Under continuous sign-up authority, eligible land can be enrolled in CRP at any time with contracts of up to 10 to 15 years in duration. In lieu of a general sign-up this year, USDA will allow producers with general CRP contracts expiring this September to have the option of a one-year contract extension.

This is big news for hunters. For nearly three decades, CRP has been the gold-standard of habitat across pheasant country. During the “good ole days” of 2007 and 2008, 32 million CRP acres were responsible for producing pheasant populations not seen since the 1960’s in many core pheasant states. We all know what’s happened in the handful of years since. Commodity prices skyrocketed and land values followed. In turn, CRP acres crashed and pheasant number tumbled.

Today, there are signs the pendulum is swinging back toward a less volatile market with commodity prices leveling off and conservation programs offering a viable alternative for many farmers and ranchers. Indeed, every farm in America could be more profitable and financially secure with a mix of conservation practices – buffers, wetlands, field borders, etc. – in harmony with row crop production. As the saying goes, “farm the best, conserve the rest.” Additionally, USDA has updated soil rental rates for Continuous CRP practices, which should help make these programs increasingly more competitive with alternative land use options.

The key to finding a successful conservation recipe for success on your land is receiving expert advice from a trusted professional. Pheasants Forever, in partnership with the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s NRCS and FSA, along with state natural resource agencies across the pheasant range, is proud to employ more than 100 Farm Bill Biologists. These trained experts are skilled at figuring out the variety of conservation practices your land qualifies for, while also being aware of the myriad of ways to find cost-share options to make enrolling an attractive financial and ethical opportunity.  In fact, Pheasants Forever Farm Bill Biologists have helped landowners enroll more than 4 million acres into conservation programs since 2003.

Find the Pheasants Forever Farm Bill Biologist in your area by following this link. If there doesn’t happen to be a PF Farm Bill Biologist near you, the folks at your local USDA Service Center should also be able to help answer your questions about CRP.

The D.C. Minute is written by Dave Nomsen, Pheasants Forever and Quail Forever’s Vice President of Government Relations

Sportsmen’s Act Would Create Millions of Acres of Public Hunting Lands

Monday, June 2nd, 2014

Sept. 110

While the farm bill is the most important piece of federal legislation to Pheasants Forever, it’s far from the only conservation tool created in Washington, D.C. This spring, Pheasants Forever is urging Congressional leaders to consider the bipartisan Sportsmen’s Act. Included in this bill are a variety of measures influencing the creation and management of lands open to public hunting.

The Sportsman’s Act includes the following titles:

  • Permanent Electronic Duck Stamp Act of 2013 (S.738) authorizes the Fish and Wildlife Service to allow any state to provide federal duck stamps electronically. This measure should make it simpler to sell stamps, in turn leading to a greater pot of money for Waterfowl Production Area (WPA) acquisitions.
  • North American Wetlands Conservation Act Reauthorization (S.741) provides matching grants to organizations, state and local governments, and private landowners for the acquisition, restoration, and enhancement of wetlands critical to the habitat of migratory birds. Pheasants Forever has been a grant recipient in many states leading to thousands of acres of protected critical grassland and wetland habitat.
  • National Fish and Wildlife Foundation Reauthorization (S.51); a non-profit that preserves and restores native wildlife species and habitats.
  • Recreational Fishing and Hunting Heritage Opportunities Act (S.170); the bill also requires the Bureau of Land Management and the Forest Service to keep their lands open to hunting, recreational fishing, and shooting.
  • Making Public Lands Public requires 1.5% of annual Land and Water Conservation Fund for securing fishing, hunting, and recreational shooting access on federal public lands.
  • Farmer and Hunter Protection Act; authorizes USDA extension offices to determine normal agricultural practices rather than the Fish and Wildlife Service.
  • Hunting, Fishing and Recreational Shooting Protection Act (S.1505) exempts lead fishing tackle from being regulated under the Toxic Substances Control Act.
  • Target Practice and Marksmanship Training Support Act (S.1212) enables states to allocate a greater proportion of federal funding to create and maintain shooting ranges on federal and non-federal lands.

Pheasants Forever and Quail Forever have joined a group of 40 organizations representing more than 40 million hunters and anglers asking the United States Senate to consider the Sportsmen’s Act following Memorial weekend recess.

You can help too. Contact your U.S. Senator and ask them to bring the Sportsmen’s Act to the Senate floor.

The D.C. Minute is written by Dave Nomsen, Pheasants Forever and Quail Forever’s Vice President of Government Relations.

New USDA Program Focused on “Bullseye Benefits” for Pheasants & Wildlife

Thursday, May 29th, 2014

Male ring-necked pheasant rooster 4

Photo courtesy Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources / Herbert Lange

Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced the launch of the USDA’s new Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP) on Tuesday. Through RCPP, the USDA is empowered to seek partners to leverage a variety of financial resources for the protection of eight critical conservation areas – many of which are also priority regions for pheasants and quail – including:

  • Chesapeake Bay Watershed
  • Mississippi River Basin
  • Great Lakes Region
  • California Bay Delta
  • Prairie Grasslands
  • Colorado River Basin
  • Columbia River Basin
  • Longleaf Pine Range

Over the last 30 years, Pheasants Forever has taken the federal and state tools available to us and completed “random acts of conservation.” Don’t get me wrong, our projects have created millions of acres of wildlife habitat, improved water quality and protected soil resources. Those projects, however, have largely been completed as a result of an opportunity generated by willing private landowners  volunteering to enroll conservation practices on their land, whenever and wherever it presented itself. Times are a-changing.

The pressures on our lands and wildlife have never been so intense, while funding has become increasingly scarce. Conversely, our scientific understanding of the impact our land management decisions have on our natural resources has never been so deep. It is also clear that no single agency or organization can do it alone.  Partnerships are how habitat happens in 2014. We know that conservation programs that buffer streams, protect wetlands, create borders around fields, and maintain contiguous blocks of grasslands can protect water resources while also establishing habitat for pheasants, quail, and all sorts of wildlife species.  The key is finding the balance between meeting our nation’s food, fuel and fiber needs, while protecting America’s invaluable natural resources.

The USDA’s new Regional Conservation Partnership Program is the evolutionary leap forward from random acts of conservation to bullseye benefits. A great example of this concept in practice was the development of Pheasants Forever’s Farm Bill Biologist program in 2003; a partnership started between NRCS, South Dakota Game Fish & Parks and Pheasants Forever.  Our Farm Bill Biologist program, as a result of numerous partners, places an employee on the ground in an area of particular focus for the achievement of a specific result. Today, the Farm Bill Biologist model has expanded to 19 different states with unique conservation objectives in each locale.

More recently, we employed the NRCS partnership model with the Sage Grouse and Lesser Prairie Chicken Initiatives. These efforts bridge partnerships with multiple government agencies (state wildlife agencies, Joint Ventures, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, NRCS, and BLM) and fellow non-profit conservation organizations. In both initiatives, a group of stakeholders are able to bring a larger pool of resources to bear toward a common goal. This is the essence of the USDA’s new Regional Conservation Partnership Program.

While your first reaction may be to yawn at the creation of another member of conservation’s acronym soup, RCPP represents the future of highly targeted efforts to leverage partnerships for bigger wildlife and water benefits.

The D.C. Minute is written by Dave Nomsen, Pheasants Forever and Quail Forever’s vice president of government relations

Help Make Conservation Easement Tax Incentives Permanent

Tuesday, May 27th, 2014

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Conservation easements a valuable tool for protecting upland habitat. Photo credit: Krista Lundgren/USFWS 

Everyone knows there are two inevitable things in life, and one of them is taxes. And taxes can, in fact, do great things for wildlife habitat conservation. This can be the form of the Pittman-Robertson or Dingle –Johnson Acts in which excise taxes on guns, ammo and fishing equipment are directed to the betterment of fish and wildlife.

Then there are tax incentives to do great things for wildlife and our natural resources through donations of value. One of these tax incentives, which expired at the end of 2013, was available to farmers, ranchers and landowners that wished to place conservation easements on their properties, allowing them to deduct all or a portion of that value (aka tax write-offs). So, a landowner gets a financial reward for doing something that benefits society in the way of permanently protecting lands and conserving wildlife habitat, reducing erosion and improving water quality. The tax provision is an added incentive available to farmers and landowners that helps out when it comes time to look at the bottom line on the financial balance sheet – they can write off a portion of the value they donated for the cause.

There are new efforts underway to make these conservation easement tax incentives permanent (as opposed to reauthorizing/extending in each Congress), something the conservation community has been trying to do for several years. Currently there is legislation in Congress to permanently enact this provision and can be found in H.R. 2807 and S. 526; there are over 225 co-sponsors in the House and Senate. This bill and more information can be found through the Land Trust Alliance. There is also a list of current sponsors and members of Congress that have supported this tax measure in the past, but have not yet signed back on.

Pheasants Forever encourages you to contact your representatives and ask them to support H.R.  2807 and also contact your senators for their support on S. 526.

For more information on Pheasants Forever’s permanent habitat conservation efforts, visit www.pheasantsforever.org/legacy.

The D.C. Minute is written by Dave Nomsen, Pheasants Forever and Quail Forever’s Vice President of Government Relations.

The Fight for the Land and Water Conservation Fund

Wednesday, May 7th, 2014

LWCF

By Rob Drieslein

The standard canon in retracing America’s conservation legacy begins with Civil War veterans in Congress who, at the turn of the 20th Century, passed landmark legislation like the Lacey Act and Migratory Bird Treaty Act. It culminates with Teddy Roosevelt mugging with John Muir, then bullying through legislation for national parks and monuments, the U.S. Forest Service, and the beginning of America’s national wildlife refuge system.

All were pivotal moments in establishing the nation’s credentials as a leader in global conservation efforts. They’ve also provided a remarkable amount of wildlife and hunter habitat in North America that Pheasants Forever members enjoy every fall. But those efforts didn’t end in 1909.

The Pittman-Robertson Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act became law in 1937, and the 1960s and ’70s saw presidents Johnson and Nixon sign legislation like the Wilderness Act, the Endangered Species Act and the Clean Water Act. Another, perhaps lesser known though equally important bipartisan act of Congress occurred in 1964: the creation of the federal Land and Water Conservation Fund.

One of America’s great ideas, the Land and Water Conservation Fund rests on a simple, logical premise. It takes a portion of the revenues from offshore oil and gas leasing and reinvests them in onshore conservation. In other words, companies using public resources for profit must pay a small portion of their revenues back to the American people. The LWCF then uses its proceeds to provide funds and matching grants to federal, state and local governments for land and water acquisition and easements to benefit all citizens.

Incredible benefits

The billions of LWCF dollars invested since 1965 have created a wide swath of public facilities, from urban youth baseball diamonds to national parks and monuments across all 50 states. The list of national forests, wildlife refuges and recreation areas that have received LWCF monies would amaze even the most strident public lands advocate.

Joe Duggan, vice president of corporate affairs for Pheasants Forever, believes anyone interested in upland game birds, waterfowl, big game, or simply access to the outdoors should have a healthy respect for the LWCF. Critical habitat nationwide has received permanent protection via LWCF funds or a combination of LWCF, state and private investments.

“Our economy requires fuel, but at same time, society recognizes that there are consequences when and where energy development occurs. So it’s appropriate that an account like LWCF was established,” Duggan said. “It makes sense to reinvest proceeds from our natural resources if we want to ensure our outdoor heritage.”

From the Northern Tallgrass Prairie project of Iowa and Minnesota, to Bighorn Canyon National Recreational Area of Montana to the Cimarron National Grassland of Kansas, LWCF dollars have funded upland bird habitat across the pheasant range. Hunter access via federal waterfowl production areas, grassland easements on the Rocky Mountain Front and national wildlife refuge system acreage has expanded thanks to the LWCF.

The state assistance branch of LWCF provides matching grants to help states and local communities protect parks and recreation resources. The Washington, D.C.-based LWCF Coalition (which includes over 1,000 organizations, including Pheasants Forever) says that more than $3 billion in LWCF grants to states over the life of the program has leveraged $7 billion-plus in nonfederal matching funds.

A sad legacy of underfunding

When Congress created the LWCF, it authorized the fund with a budget cap of $900 million per year. Shockingly, while oil and gas revenues have gone up, dollars to the LWCF have gone down. Why? Because the politicians Americans have elected to Congress since 1965 have fully funded LWCF a grand total of two times.

During the latest Interior budget negotiations for Fiscal Year 2014, conservation advocates gave a huge, collective sigh of relief when budget negotiators included $300 million for LWCF. That’s right, a whole one-third of full funding. That was a victory for conservationists who have seen LWCF funding drop significantly lower in recent years – to just over $100 million in 2007, for example.

Where’s the rest of the $900 million? Congress regularly diverts that money to other priorities with bigger teams of lobbyists representing their interests in Washington. That wholesale robbery of dollars clearly earmarked for conservation accelerated in the early 1980s and has fluctuated the past 25 years. Groups like the Trust for Public Land say congressional shenanigans have shortchanged the program by $18 billion over the past 46 years.

Steve Kline, director of government relations for the Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership, an umbrella organization of the nation’s top conservation groups, including Pheasants Forever, noted that the U.S. House zeroed out LWCF funding in its initial 2014 appropriations markup.

“That’s not helpful,” Kline said. “We have to make sure politicians recognize the importance of this program, and need it to be as close to full funding as possible.”

Sportsmen foot the bill for a disproportionate amount of conservation work, Kline noted, and with a backlog in public lands easement and acquisition opportunities, sportsmen should be first in line insisting that Congress keep its LWCF funding promises.

Looking ahead: a good fight

On the positive side, President Obama’s Fiscal Year 2015 budget recommends nearly full funding for LWCF. Here’s the first simple message sportsmen and women can convey to their political leaders in Washington: Support the president’s LWCF 2015 budget proposal.

Longer term, an intelligent bill in the U.S. Senate, would end the wholesale theft that occurs annually with LWCF. The bill, S. 338, which had 40 bipartisan co-sponsors as of early this year, would mandate dedicated annual funding of $900 million to the fund. Kline considers the bill a no-brainer.

“We need to take LWCF off budget, per the original spirit of the act and make funding mandatory, so it’s not subject to these annual appropriations that fluctuate so wildly,” he said.

The LWCF has an even bigger issue looming in 2015: reauthorization. President John F. Kennedy first proposed the LWCF, and next year will mark 50 years since the landmark legislation became law. It will cease to exist without reauthorization by September 2015. Members of the U.S. House and Senate need to hear from their constituents that reauthorization is an important priority.

Public land advocates can feel like lonely voices in the U.S. Capitol during these belt-tightening budgetary days, but the LWCF has an edge that gets the attention of U.S. congressmen: It delivers money back to their districts.

Late last year, 28 Republican members of Congress signed a letter to the chairman of the House committee that oversees Interior appropriations. The letter urged LWCF reauthorization and noted that the lands funded by the LWCF support an outdoor recreation and tourism sector that contributes a total of $1.06 trillion annually to the American economy, including 9.4 million jobs.

“Recent polling has found that fully 85 percent of the American people say that Congress should honor its commitment to LWCF,” the letter stated. “Accordingly, we urge you to take advantage of any opportunity that arises… to reauthorize the program and realize the promise of the LWCF into the future.”

During an era when Congress has a historically poor approval rating, the LWCF represents an opportunity for cooperation and reclaiming public goodwill, Kline says.

“We need to reauthorize the program, and we have bipartisan support for doing so,” Kline said. “Congress just needs to get this done.”

A final point: Even if Congress does reauthorize the LWCF, some state congressional delegations do a poor job of bringing those dollars back home. Next time your congressman or woman visits your local habitat banquet, ask if LWCF dollars are funding habitat in your state.

For Jim Leach, refuge supervisor for the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service in Bloomington, Minnesota, LWCF is one of two primary funding sources his agency relies on to acquire lands for national wildlife refuges and waterfowl production areas. In Minnesota, LWCF has been used to acquire lands for Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, Minnesota Valley NWR and the Upper Mississippi River National Fish and Wildlife Refuge.

“Just looking at our Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, there currently is a backlog of willing sellers interested in selling significant acreage of native prairie to the FWS in both Minnesota and Iowa. Unfortunately our fiscal year 2014 budget did not include any LWCF dollars to protect this critical habitat. Annually, the FWS could easily spend between $2-3 million on the protection of native prairie in these two states.”

Those are landowners who want to sell, if only Congress would appropriate the dollars it promised back in 1965.

Bottom line, America’s sportsmen need to begin demanding full funding and reauthorization of the Land and Water Conservation Fund.

“(LWCF) is really nothing more than a savings account to ensure the qualities of a landscape that we cherish exists for the next generation,” Duggan said. “These are our dollars, and our natural heritage will pay the consequences if we continue to allow Congress to not keep its promises.”

For more information, visit lwcfcoalition.org.

Advocating for LWCF

How can you support the Land and Water Conservation Fund? Remember these five bullet points.

•The Obama administration’s Department of Interior appears committed to strong LWCF funding. Tell your political representatives you support the administration on strong Fiscal Year 2015 funding for LWCF.

• Does your U.S. Senator support S338, which would mandate full, permanent funding ($900 million annually) of the LWCF? If not, urge him or her to co-sponsor the bill.

• As of press time, no U.S. House version of S338 exists, but you can still urge your representative to push for full funding.

•Support 2015 reauthorization of the LWCF.

• Press your representative to bring LWCF dollars back your district. That will drive demand for funding the entire program and reauthorization.

Photo credit: Flickr Creative Commons photo / License

Upland Conservation Efforts & Sportsmen’s Access Expand with Strong Farm Bill Implementation

Thursday, May 1st, 2014

Voluntary Public Access and Habitat Incentive Program helped Minnesota launch its Walk-In Access program. Photo courtesy the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.

Voluntary Public Access and Habitat Incentive Program funding helped Minnesota launch its Walk-In Access program. Photo courtesy the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.

Pheasants Forever and Quail Forever have joined conservation partners in praising an announcement from the U.S. Department of Agriculture that a Farm Bill conservation program enhancing sportsmen’s access to privately owned lands will open for enrollment.

Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced applications are now being accepted for new, landmark conservation initiatives created by the 2014 Farm Bill. The programs – Voluntary Public Access and Habitat Incentive Program (VPA-HIP) and the Agricultural Conservation Easements Program (ACEP) – will provide up to $386 million to help farmers restore wetlands, protect working agriculture lands, support outdoor recreation activities, and boost the economy.

VPA-HIP, popularly known as “Open Fields,” offers incentives to owners and managers of private lands to open areas to public recreation, including hunting and angling. “In short, when VPA-HIP is implemented properly, it delivers!” says Dave Nomsen, vice president of government affairs for Pheasants Forever and Quail Forever. “Millions of acres of private lands have been made accessible for outdoor recreation thanks to VPA-HIP. In the past, its biggest constraint has been funding.  Up to $20 million is available this year for VPA-HIP.

“At the end of the day, sportsmen are conservationists,” stated Nomsen. “Access programs like VPA-HIP enable the recruitment of new sportsmen and the retention of existing sportsmen. This is good news for conservation. Access programs keep hunting and angling available to everyone.”

Voluntary Public Access and Habitat Incentive Program

VPA-HIP is a competitive grant program that enables state and tribal governments to increase opportunities for owners and managers of private lands who want to make their land available for public recreation. Recipients can use the grant funding to create new or expand existing public access programs. These programs provide financial incentives or technical assistance, such as rental payments or wildlife habitat planning services, to owners and managers who allow public access.

Funding priority will be given to applications that propose to:

  • Maximize private lands acreage available to the public;
  • Ensure that land enrolled in the program has appropriate wildlife habitat;
  • Strengthen wildlife habitat improvement efforts;
  • Supplement funding and services from other federal or state agencies, tribes or private resources; and
  • Provide information to the public about the location of public access land.

Applications for VPA-HIP are due by June 16 and should be completed by state and tribal governments at Grants.gov. For more information, view the notice on Grants.gov or the VPA-HIP program’s website.

Field Notes are compiled by Anthony Hauck, Pheasants Forever’s Online Editor. Email Anthony at AHauck@pheasantsforever.org and follow him on Twitter @AnthonyHauckPF.

Five Widespread Myths about Pheasant & Quail Populations

Wednesday, April 23rd, 2014

 MainImage

Not only are certain myths about pheasant and quail populations prevalent, belief in them takes the focus away from what really has an impact on sustainable bird numbers – the creation and management of upland habitat. Here’s a closer look at five widely-held beliefs about America’s most popular upland gamebirds.

pheasant-stockingMyth: Stocking pheasants and quail works to restore wild populations.

Busted: During the last half century, there has been a colossal amount of money spent on supplemental stocking programs by state and local governments, sportsman’s groups and private individuals. Countless studies have shown that stocked pheasants, no matter when they are released, have great difficulty maintaining self-sustaining populations. Predators take the main toll, accounting for 90 percent of the deaths; at the same time, predators are conditioned to the idea that pheasants are an easy target.

Pen-raised birds do provide shooting opportunities and are a good way to introduce new hunters to hunting in a controlled situation; they’re also handy for training dogs. But the bottom line is stocking pen-raised pheasants and quail will not effectively increase populations. Only by addressing the root problem that is suppressing populations – the availability and quality of upland habitat – can a long-term positive impact be made on upland bird numbers.

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fox&pheasantMyth: Predators are the main reason there are fewer pheasants and quail.

Busted: Yes, coyotes and fox will eat pheasants and quail, and raccoons and skunks are likely culprits when it comes to raided nests. But predators don’t eat habitat, which is far and away the biggest reason why pheasant populations decline. High annual losses to predators should not be misunderstood to mean that predation is responsible for long-term upland population declines. Landscapes with good habitat often have high numbers of pheasant numbers, as well as high numbers of many potential predators.

The impact of predators is magnified and often pinpointed as the primary problem after habitat conditions deteriorate. Confine pheasants and quail to smaller and smaller parcels of habitat, and a predator’s job gets a whole lot easier. Thankfully, well-designed habitat projects can reduce predation by up to 80 percent. Through the addition and management of habitat, not only does there tend to be a decrease in the impact predators make on existing nests, but more habitat is likely to increase the number of nests and the overall gamebird population. And habitat for pheasants and quail comes at a fraction of the cost of other intensive predator reduction methods that are cost-prohibitive across a large area.

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wild_turkey3Myth: Turkeys eat quail chicks.

Busted: A single Florida study from the 1930s noted an instance of turkeys destroying quail eggs. No biological study since has documented turkeys damaging quail nests or feeding on chicks. Turkey researchers have not found a single quail chick or egg fragment while examining thousands of turkey stomachs. In addition, scientists monitoring quail chicks fitted with radio transmitters and watching quail nests via remote cameras have yet to catch a turkey in the act. Given that literally hundreds of studies of wild turkey food habits and predation on quail have been conducted over the past 80 years, the lack of evidence is remarkable. The conclusion is that turkeys have no direct role in the decline of quail.

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Myth: Hunting is hurting pheasant numbers.

HPIM2293Busted: Extensive research has shown hunting has little-to-no effect on pheasant reproduction and populations. Hens and roosters are easily distinguished in wingshooting situations, and because hens are protected through game regulations, pheasants are actually managed much more conservatively than many other gamebirds. And because roosters are polygamous – that is, they will mate with multiple hens – hunting in effect is only removing a “surplus” of males not absolutely necessary for reproduction the following spring.

Most of a pheasant season’s harvest takes place during the opening weekend, sometimes as much as 50 percent. Additionally, the majority of pheasant hunters are most active during the first two weeks of the season. Considering these factors, liberal, lengthy, roosters-only seasons do not harm populations.

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Cover5Myth: Habitat isn’t the biggest key to healthy pheasant and quail populations.

Busted: Two factors affect upland bird populations above all others: habitat and weather. And while we can’t control the weather, we can influence the amount and quality of upland habitat. Habitat is what supports strong and healthy pheasant and quail populations – one need only look at how pheasant populations rose in the late 1980s, 1990s and 2000s coinciding with increases in Conservation Reserve Program upland acreage, and their subsequent decreases as those acres diminished.  Historically, a lot of money has been spent trying to stock pheasants and to battle predators. Had these dollars been invested in habitat restoration, pheasants, quail and other upland wildlife would’ve benefitted.

Field Notes are compiled by Anthony Hauck, Pheasants Forever’s Online Editor. Email Anthony at AHauck@pheasantsforever.org and follow him on Twitter @AnthonyHauckPF.

Flushing Bars: Simple Devices Save Pheasants in Hayfields

Thursday, April 17th, 2014

FlushingBar

If pheasants are fortunate enough to enter the breeding season in good physical condition, they are not out completely out of harm’s way. As hay lands begin to green up in the spring, they provide a very attractive area for hens seeking a quality nest site. However, these same areas also provide farmers and ranchers with livestock forage. As a result, many hens are incidentally lost due to normal spring haying operations.

But, there is a solution for incidental hen mortality, and the answer is the use of a flushing bar. A flushing bar is a device that typically is mounted on the front of a tractor that precedes the implement being used for haying. A flushing bar creates a disturbance in advance of the implement to allow extra time for the nesting bird to flush to avoid injury or death.

Flushing bars are easy to install, are effective at forcing wildlife out of the path of the mower, and don’t get in the way of production. Research on flushing bars indicates a reduction in mortality of 60 percent in fields of alfalfa or other grass cover that is harvested for livestock forage.

Although the nest is normally destroyed, pheasants are resilient nesters and the majority will re-nest in nearby undisturbed cover. By using a flushing bar, not only will more hens survive the breeding and nesting seasons but many will also go on to successfully hatch a clutch leading to a potential increase in annual bird populations which will possibly lead to subsequent population growth in later years.

Pheasants Forever is piloting the use of flushing bars in South Dakota this year, and landowners are being offered cost-share incentives for the materials to build a custom device. South Dakotans interested in learning more about flushing bars are urged to contact their local Pheasants Forever Farm Bill Biologist, or Mike Blaalid (605) 770-6859 or Mike Stephenson (605) 651-2716.

Find out more about these devices at the Flushing Bar Project.

Field Notes are compiled by Anthony Hauck, Pheasants Forever’s Online Editor. Email Anthony at AHauck@pheasantsforever.org and follow him on Twitter @AnthonyHauckPF.

Wildlife Habitat Grant to Help Michigan Pheasants

Wednesday, April 16th, 2014

Photo credit: Tom Koerner / USFWS

Photo credit: Tom Koerner / USFWS

Pheasants Forever is the recipient of a 2014 Wildlife Habitat Grant from the Michigan Department of Natural Resources. The $44,000 grant will help upland habitat restoration efforts at the Lake Hudson State Recreation Area in Lenawee County.

“These funds will be used to contract tree and brush removal on four overgrown fields on the Lake Hudson State Recreation Area,” says Bill Vander Zouwen, Pheasants Forever’s regional representative in Michigan, “Once the trees and brush are cleared, the fields will be planted to native prairie grasses and forbs. The goal for this recreation area is to provide 600 acres of pheasant nesting cover on public lands in a landscape that contains a good amount of Conservation Reserve Program fields on private lands. A population of pheasants exists in this area, and hunters will have access to all of the project fields.” Pheasants Forever’s Michigan State Council is also contributing $5,000 to this project.

The 2,800-acre Lake Hudson State Recreation Area project is also within the Lake Hudson Landowner Cooperative, which has a goal of providing habitat in one of three focus areas of the Michigan Pheasant Restoration Initiative. Local Pheasants Forever chapters have also taken interest in this property and have provided volunteer brush management efforts as well.

Michigan’s Wildlife Habitat Grant Program, which began in October 2013, is funded with a portion of the revenue generated by the sale of hunting and fishing licenses each year. The WHGP is administered by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources through a cooperative effort between the DNR’s Wildlife Division and Grants Management Section. The main objective of the WHGP is to enhance and improve the quality and quantity of game species habitat.

Field Notes are compiled by Anthony Hauck, Pheasants Forever’s Online Editor. Email Anthony at AHauck@pheasantsforever.org and follow him on Twitter @AnthonyHauckPF.